Rachel Ma earned her Ph.D. in Paper and Printing Science from Western Michigan University. Her teaching and research interests include printing electronics, inks and substrates interactions, smart packaging, and biodegradable materials. She is an experienced researcher and skilled in polymer science, nano-materials, surface treatment and testing, material characterization, biocompatible film design and construction, additive manufacturing, digital printing, textile printing, and polymeric materials. She earned her Masters of Engineering from Xi’an University of Technology in Paper Science and Engineering, and her Bachelors of Science from Qingdao University of Science and Technology in Packaging and Printing Science.